Radiation Hazard, a High Health Risk

Radiological energy is one of the methods of treating some diseases requiring radiotherapy, but besides treatment, the method can cause other complications in the body, writes Steve Dada The World Health Organisation (WHO) recently revealed that exhaust fumes from diesel engine could cause cancer. In a report by a WHO expert group, fumes from the exhaust were categorised as cancer causing agent, especially lung cancerand may also cause tumours in the bladder. It based the findings on research in high-risk workers such as miners, railway workers and truck drivers. However, the panel said everyone should try to reduce their exposure to diesel exhaust fumes. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), an affiliate of the WHO, had previously labelled diesel exhaust as probably carcinogenic to humans. IARC has now labelled exhaust as a definite cause of cancer, although it does not compare its risk levels. Diesel exhaust is now in the same group as carcinogens ranging from wood chipping to plutonium and sunlight to alcohol. It is thought that people working in cancer-risk industries have about 40 per cent increased risk of developing lung cancer. Dr. Christopher Portier, who led the assessment, said: ‘’The scientific evidence was compelling

Clinical Lung Cancer

Clinical Lung Cancer (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

and the working group’s conclusion was unanimous, diesel engine exhaust causes lung cancer in humans. There are other human made items that are capable of causing other diseases, but not known to man. The only thing that is incontrovertible is the fact that some diseases that were alien to man in the past are becoming increasingly feasible, as major cause of deaths, yet no solution. It might even have to do with what man consumes.


Reviving Vaccines Production in Nigeria

It’s a move aimed at bridging the gap between demand and supply of vaccines in Nigeria. May & Baker, one of Nigeria’s foremost pharmaceutical company, has concluded plans to begin production of routine vaccines such as Bacillus Chalmette Guerin, BCG, hepatitis and diphtheria, tetanus and pertusis, DPT; oral polio vaccine, OPV, measles and yellow fever, in Nigeria.

But this is an effort that started in 2005 when May & Baker signed a memorandum of understanding, MOU, with the Federal Ministry of Health to revitalise the moribund Federal Vaccine Production Laboratory, FVPL, Yaba, Lagos. By 2007, the company, in partnership with the federal government renewed a joint venture agreement, JVA, that led to the establishment of a company named Biovaccines Nigeria Limited, for the production of vaccines in Nigeria. Now, the pharmaceutical company has commenced construction of a new vaccine plant to be sited in Ota, Ogun State, with a view to starting production of yellow fever vaccines within 18 months.

Nnamdi Okafor, managing director and chief executive officer, CEO, May & Baker, said the company went into local production of vaccines, because it had always desired to show the way forward for the health care industry.

“May & Baker wants to make available to the country its over 60 years experience, expertise, knowledge and skills acquired in drug manufacturing and vaccine distribution.” On what the country stands to gain with the local production of vaccines, Okafor said, “It will guarantee availability of quality, safe and affordable vaccines in the country; facility will guarantee employment for hundreds of Nigerians, and by going into local production, Nigeria will be putting the health security of her citizens in the hands of Nigerians.”


IMAGES: http://www.thetwentyfirstfloor.com/ http://www.msnbc.msn.com/ http://www.nytimes.com

Lagos State introduces the Medical Village – Around Alausa

Despite the problems the health sector finds itself in, the state government is introducing a set-up similar to the Dubai Healthcare Centre (DHCC) where complete professional medical services can be provided.

With the brain drain of Nigerian medical experts to foreign countries, we have been depleted in terms of available professional services. The present face-off between the Lagos State Government and the doctors is escalating an already problematic situation which could cause more harm than good.

However, despite the conundrum the sector finds itself in, the state government is introducing a set-up similar to the Dubai Healthcare Centre (DHCC) where complete professional medical services can be provided. The project, called Medical Village, has been earmarked for development in Lekki Schemes I and II under the supervision of the New Towns Development Authority (NTDA). 
The Scheme I project is a Medical Centre built on 3000sqm of land with a large enough parking lot located along T.F. Kuboye Street. The total land area for the project, including the construction of public institutions beside it, is about 0.43 hectares. The development in Lekki Scheme II along the road to Ogombo Village is more representative of the DHCC concept. According to the layout plan, it consists of two medical centres, 17 medical plots of 1000sqm, a school, a shopping centre and a public utility company along with spaces for recreational use and gardens. The whole development will be built on about 5.08 hectares with a total of 24 plots of various sizes for the different structures.